Adhesions: removing scarring around the ovary and fallopian tubes.
Tubal surgery: if the tubes are blocked it is sometimes possible to open then and regain their function through laparoscopic surgery.
Reversal of tubal sterilization: young women who underwent tubal sterilization in the past have the option to pursue IVF or laparoscopic surgery to reconnect the fallopian tubes, if feasible.
Endometriosis: resection of endometriosis on the pelvic lining can reduce pelvic pain and increase the odds of pregnancy.
Ovarian cysts: Cysts of the ovary that persists can be removed with the laparoscope. Caution should be exercised not to damage the surrounding ovarian tissue.
Hydrosalpinx (dilated fallopian tube): dilated fallopian tube can leak fluid into the uterus and prevent pregnancy. A dilated fallopian tube should be removed before proceeding with IVF.
Fibroids: Large fibroids that distort the uterus can be removed with the laparoscope in select women.
Uterine polyps: polyps can prevent implantation of embryos and should be removed before proceeding with fertility treatment.
Fibroids: small fibroids protruding into the uterine cavity can be removed with a hysteroscope with no incisions
Intrauterine scarring (Asherman): due to prior scrapping of the uterine cavity can be precisely cut using a hysteroscope to establish a normal uterine cavity and allow regeneration of a healthy lining.
Uterine septum: A septum is a vertical divider in the middle of the uterus may prevent pregnancy or lead to miscarriage. Septum can be removed using a hysteroscope with no major surgery.
Tubal cannulation: A hysteroscope is used to pass a catheter into the fallopian tube to establish patency